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NAURU

The Republic of Nauru Message Forum

           

The Republic of Nauru is 12 miles in circumference and just over eight square miles. Most of the 10,000 population live on the narrow coastal belt.

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Aerial view of Nauru

A small isolated Central Pacific island, it lies some 36 miles south of the Equator and is readily accessible by regular services on the island's national carrier, Air Nauru, from major Pacific ports.

Nauru Map

The mining of phosphate has been the mainstay of the island's economy since the 1900s, providing the locals with a steady source of income. Phosphate reserves are expected to be exhausted during this decade.

An aerial view of the Nauruan coastline shows the loading of the phosphate into the ship's hold. The phosphate is mined from the  plateau on the upper right of the picture behind the lines of houses. The phosphate was transported to the buildings on the lower right and thence after it is crushed and dried, it was taken by conveyors through the huge cantilevers to the ship, 1960

THE PEOPLE

The indigenous people of Nauru are believed to be of mixed Polynesian, Melanesian and Micronesian descent, with predominantly Polynesian characteristics. Their native language is Nauruan, though English is used for government and commercial purposes.

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HISTORY

Nauru existed as an independent island society until it was annexed by Germany in 1888 as part of the Marshall Islands Protectorate. In 1900 a British company discovered phosphate on the island and negotiated with Germany for mining rights. In November 1914 Nauru was seized by Australian troops and remained in British control until 1921.

At the end of the war, when the German colonies were distributed, a League of Nations Mandate was granted to Australia, New Zealand and Great Britain.

Historical images of teachers and pupils of a missionary school, Nauru

The most popular forms of fishing paraphernalia used on the island of Nauru are bows and arrows and spears. This catch of brilliantly coloured fish seems to be a satisfactory one. The tree in the background is a banyan.

Historical and cultural images available on request

In the building of an outrigger canoe, one man is in charge and does most of the work, but timber for the outrigger and platforms must be provided by his assistants. Coconut sennit is used to fasten the timbers together. The woman in the background is holding a roll of pandanus strips used in basket-making and in weaving mats such as the ones in the foreground. The latter constitute the "weather boarding" for native houses.

In 1947 the island was placed under United Nations Trusteeship and Australia resumed administration on behalf of the three partner governments. Nauru became an independent Republic on 31st January 1968.

NATURE

Native sea-birds are plentiful. Vegetation includes pandanus, coconuts, tomano trees and frangipanni. The climate is tropical with temperatures ranging between 24.4 degrees C and 33.9 degrees C, kept temperate by the sea breezes.

THE SIGHTS

Nauru is made up of the raised central plateau surrounded by a fertile coastal fringe. The plateau, known as "topside", is the site of mining and is for the most part made up of limestone pinnacles, a truly unique landscape. In contrast, the coast has lush and verdant vegetation. There are two hotels in Nauru, the recently refurbished Menen Hotel and the OD-N-Aiwo Hotel. Self-drive cars are available for a daily charge, plus a charge per kilometre, and taxis are available. The Menen Hotel operates a courtesy airport service.

FOOD AND ENTERTAINMENT

Traditional feasts are popular. The Menen Hotel has two restaurants and a regular barbecue. Reynaldo's offers excellent Chinese cuisine.

ACTIVITIES

Nauruans play a number of sports. Fishing, scuba diving and snorkelling are popular. Nine holes of golf and tennis are available. Tours of the mined area are available through the Menen Hotel.

SHOPPING GUIDE

Menen Hotel boutique has gifts and books. Other stores sell a variety of food and goods. Tobacco and alcohol are duty free. The Nauru Philatelic Bureau offers a range of sought-after Philatelic issues of Nauru.

EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES

While Nauru does have a strong educational infrastructure in place, there are also opportunities for individuals to progress their education through online programs. A masters in project management degree online is one of these options, and can help provide the right type of educational resources to an individual looking to lead large scale projects. For those individuals looking to pursue a career in teaching, a online masters of education in higher education is a good place to start. This type of program will provide students with insight into how to create learning environments that are beneficial to individuals who are pursuing higher education. For those looking to break into management within a new or existing work environment, a masters in organization development could be a good option.

NATIONAL TOURISM OFFICE

The National Tourism Office has available an Arts & Craft Centre which features handicrafts both for display and sale. In addition The National Museum features a variety of photographs from pre-war and post-war years, as well as odd artifacts from Nauru's history including cooking utensils, etc.

The National Tourism Office can be contacted as follows:

Ms. Limay Uera
Director of Tourism
Department of Economic Development
Telephone: (674) 444-3181 ext. 310
Facsimile: (674) 444-3891
 

 

   click here Jane's Nauru Home Page      
click here Focus on Nauru                   
click here Nauru: A Short History      
click here Nauru Picture Gallery        
  click here Nauru Stamps                       
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